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Virudhunagar Dist. includes

Aruppukkottai

Elayirampannai

Kariapatti

Narikudi

Rajapalayam

Sattur

Sivakasi

Srivilliputhur

Tiruchuli

Tiruthangal

Vembakottai

Virudhunagar

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 Agriculture

Cultivated Crops         

The area under cultivation accounts for 37% of the total geographic area. Agriculture provides sustenance to 52% of the working population. Productivity of agriculture is influenced by numerous factors such as soil, climate, irrigation, marketing and credit facilities and agricultural practices and techniques.

The soils of the District are of poor productivity and are mainly black loamy soil (locally known as (Karisal). Cotton, pulses, oilseeds and millets, which do not require much irrigation, are the main crops grown. Paddy and sugarcane are grown where tank or well irrigation is available.

The crops cultivated are :

Black gram raised in both irrigated and rain fed conditions. In rain fed conditions the sowing commences in September and extends up to the middle of October as pure crop and inter crop. In irrigated conditions sowing commences in February.

Green gram - In rain fed conditions the sowing commences in September and extends up to the middle of October as pure crop and inter crop. In irrigated conditions sowing commences in February.

Cowpea The crop is raised in rain fed and irrigated conditions as pure crop and inter crop. In rain fed conditions the owing takes place in June/July and September/October. In irrigated conditions sowing takes place in February/March.

Lablab Is mainly cultivated as a rain fed crop during the months of June/July.

Cholam - In rain fed conditions the sowing commences in August/September. In irrigated conditions sowing commences in February/March.

Cumbu - In rain fed conditions it is sown from September to November. In irrigated conditions sowing commences in February/March.

Ragi - The crop is mainly cultivated under rain fed conditions Sowing commences in the month of September and extends to the middle of October.

Small Millets Thinai, Varagu, Samai and Kuthraivali are cultivated under rain fed conditions alone. Thinai, Samai and Kuthiraivali are sown in the months of September and extends to October. Varagu is sown in the month of July.

Maize - The crop is mainly cultivated under rain fed conditions Sowing commences in the month of September and extends to the middle of October.

Sunflower The crop is cultivated only under rain fed conditions in the month of November.

Groundnut It is raised both under rain fed and irrigated conditions. Under rain fed conditions sowing is taken up in the months of July/August and September/October. Under irrigated conditions the sowing is taken up in the months of April/May.

Gingelly - It is raised both under rain fed and irrigated conditions. Under rain fed conditions sowing is taken up in the months of June/July and again February/March. Under irrigated conditions the sowing is taken up in the months of February/March.

Cotton is the major commercial crop cultivated over an area of 0.49 lakh hectares. The District is a major cotton-producing centre for the State. In rain fed conditions the sowing commences in September/October. In irrigated conditions sowing commences in February/March.

Chilli - is raised under both rain fed and irrigated conditions. Sowing commences in September and continues till November. Over 4500 hectares are under chilli cultivation

Paddy   is cultivated both under rain fed and irrigated conditions. Rain fed sowing commences during August and extend to September. Under tank fed conditions the crop is sown in the month of September and extends to October.

Sugarcane   is cultivated under irrigated conditions only. The planting is done in 4 seasons the main one being the month of June/July. Planting is also taken up in the months of December/January; February/March; and April/May.

The District has a State Seed Farm at Devadanam. This farm produces and distributes quality seeds of paddy, millets, pulses, oilseeds and vegetables. The farm also serves as a model farm on farm maintenance and scientific methods of cultivation.        

 

Natural Resources

Mineral Wealth

Virudhunagar District is comprised of Archaean Charnockite, unclassified genesis and Pleistocene Laterite.  

ARCHAEAN CHARNOCKITE  rock types are availabale in Rajapalayam, Srivilliputhur, Sivakasi and Sattur Taluks.  

UNCLASSIFIED GNESIS  formations are available in Sattur,  Sivakasi and Aruppukottai Taluks.  

LATERITE  are available in Tiruchuli, Kariapatti, Sattur and Srivilliputur Taluks.

WESTERN GHATS  are represented in Rajapalayam and Srivilliputhur Taluks and other parts of the district is plain.

The district is drained by Arjuna river, Vaippar river, Kowsika river and Gundar.

Major mineral like  Limestone and  Limekankar  

Minor minerals like  Multi-coloured Granite, Charnockite, unclassified gneissic rocks, Pleistocene Laterite, Sand and Brick earth.       

Besides limestone, there is a small occurrence of gypsum deposit in Thenkarai and Korukkampatti village of Rajapalayam and Sattur Taluks.

 

Book

Virudhunagar Varalaru

(Price: Rs.100)

(History of Virudhunagar)

Author - N.Jeganathan

Contact No: 9245405099

Help Lines

Women Help Line: 1091

Child Help Line:     1098

Railway Enquires:  243747

Emergency

Police: 243222, 244735, 100

           244653, 280169,

Fire:            101

Ambulance: 108

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